The First Battle of Bull Run, also known as the First Battle of Manassas, was the first major battle of the American Civil War and was a Confederate victory. The battle was fought on July 21, 1861 in Prince William County, Virginia, just north of the city of Manassas and about 30 miles west-southwest of Washington, D.C. The Union's forces were slow in positioning themselves, allowing Confederate reinforcements time to arrive by rail. Each side had about 18,000 poorly trained and poorly led troops in their first battle. It was a Confederate victory, followed by a disorganized retreat of the Union forces.
Highlights of this day in history: First major battle in America's Civil War fought at Bull Run in Virginia; Scopes 'Monkey Trial' concludes; Peace deal ends Indochina War; Author Ernest Hemingway and.. USATODAY.com - Published