Constellium Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Results; Announces $300 Million Share Repurchase Program

Constellium Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Results; Announces $300 Million Share Repurchase Program

GlobeNewswire

Published

PARIS, Feb. 21, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Constellium SE (NYSE: CSTM) ("Constellium" or the "Company") today reported results for the fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2023.

*Fourth quarter 2023** highlights:*

· Shipments of 336 thousand metric tons, down 9% compared to Q4 2022
· Revenue of €1.6 billion, down 13% compared to Q4 2022
· Value-Added Revenue (VAR) of €681 million, down 2% compared to Q4 2022
· Net income of €11 million compared to net income of €30 million in Q4 2022
· Adjusted EBITDA of €171 million, up 15% compared to Q4 2022
· Cash from Operations of €185 million and Free Cash Flow of €58 million

*Full year **2023** highlights:*

· Shipments of 1.5 million metric tons, down 6% compared to 2022
· Revenue of €7.2 billion, down 11% compared to 2022
· VAR of €2.9 billion, up 7% compared to 2022  
· Net income of €129 million compared to net income of €308 million in 2022
· Adjusted EBITDA of €713 million, up 6% compared to 2022
· Cash from Operations of €506 million and Free Cash Flow of €170 million
· Adjusted Return on Invested Capital (Adjusted ROIC) of 11.3%, up 30 bps compared to 2022
· Net debt / LTM Adjusted EBITDA of 2.3x at December 31, 2023

* Other highlights:*

· The Company today announces a three-year share repurchase program of up to $300 million expiring in December 2026Jean-Marc Germain, Constellium’s Chief Executive Officer said, “Constellium delivered strong results in 2023, and I want to thank each of our 12,000 employees for their commitment and relentless focus on safety and serving our customers. 2023 was another year full of challenges including significant inflationary pressures and demand headwinds in several end markets. Despite these challenges, we achieved record Adjusted EBITDA of €713 million, including record results in our A&T segment. We also generated strong Free Cash Flow of €170 million and reduced our leverage to 2.3x.”

Mr. Germain continued, “Looking ahead to 2024, we expect aerospace demand to remain strong as the post-pandemic recovery continues. In packaging, canstock demand has stabilized in recent quarters and we are expecting modest growth versus last year. In automotive, despite some demand deceleration in the second half of 2023, we expect demand to remain healthy this year. We continue to experience weakness in most industrial markets to start the year. We are expecting inflationary pressures to continue in 2024, though at a lower rate than the last two years. We are confident in our ability to continue to offset a substantial portion of the impact with an improved top line and our relentless focus on cost control.”

Mr. Germain concluded, "While uncertainties persist on the macroeconomic and geopolitical fronts, we like our end market positioning and we are optimistic about our prospects for this year and beyond. Some of our end markets have continued to experience softness to start the year and the extreme cold weather and snow in January also impacted operations at Muscle Shoals, which we expect will lead to a weaker first quarter in 2024. Despite these challenges, based on our current outlook, we expect to achieve Adjusted EBITDA, which excludes the non-cash impact of metal price lag, of €740 million to €770 million and Free Cash Flow in excess of €130 million in 2024. We remain confident in our ability to deliver on our long-term target of Adjusted EBITDA, which excludes the non-cash impact of metal price lag, of over €800 million in 2025. As we are now within our target leverage range, I am also pleased to announce that our Board has authorized a three-year share repurchase program of up to $300 million expiring in December 2026. Our focus remains on executing our strategy and increasing shareholder value.”

*Group Summary*
*Q4*
*2023* *Q4*
*2022* *Var.* *FY*
*2023* *FY*
*2022* *Var.*
Shipments (k metric tons) 336 368 (9)% 1,492 1,580 (6)%
Revenue (€ millions) 1,613 1,844 (13)% 7,239 8,120 (11)%
VAR (€ millions) 681 696 (2)% 2,924 2,725 7%
Net income (€ millions) 11 30 n.m. 129 308 n.m.
Adjusted EBITDA (€ millions) 171 148 15% 713 673 6%
Adjusted EBITDA per metric ton (€) 509 403 26% 478 426 12%

The difference between the sum of reported segment revenue and total group revenue includes revenue from certain non-core activities and inter-segment eliminations. The difference between the sum of reported segment Adjusted EBITDA and the Group Adjusted EBITDA is related to Holdings and Corporate.

For the fourth quarter of 2023, shipments of 336 thousand metric tons decreased 9% compared to the fourth quarter of 2022 due to lower shipments in each of our segments. Revenue of €1.6 billion decreased 13% compared to the fourth quarter of the prior year primarily due to lower shipments and lower metal prices, partially offset by improved price and mix. VAR of €681 million decreased 2% compared to the fourth quarter of the prior year primarily due to lower shipments, unfavorable metal impacts, the sale of Constellium Extrusions Deutschland GmbH ("CED") in September 2023 and unfavorable foreign exchange translation, partially offset by improved price and mix. Net income of €11 million decreased by €19 million compared to net income of €30 million in the fourth quarter of 2022. Adjusted EBITDA of €171 million increased 15% compared to the fourth quarter of last year due to stronger results in our A&T and P&ARP segments, partially offset by weaker results in our AS&I segment.

For the full year of 2023, shipments of 1.5 million metric tons decreased 6% compared to the full year of 2022 primarily due to lower shipments in the P&ARP and AS&I segments. Revenue of €7.2 billion decreased 11% compared to the full year of 2022 primarily due to lower shipments and lower metal prices, partially offset by improved price and mix. VAR of €2.9 billion increased 7% compared to the full year of 2022 primarily due to improved price and mix, partially offset by lower shipments, unfavorable metal impacts and unfavorable foreign exchange translation. Net income of €129 million decreased €179 million compared to net income of €308 million in the full year of 2022. Adjusted EBITDA of €713 million increased 6% compared to the full year of 2022 due to stronger results in our A&T segment, partially offset by weaker results in our P&ARP and AS&I segments.

*Results by Segment*

*Packaging & Automotive Rolled Products (P&ARP)*
*Q4 *
*2023* *Q4*
*2022* *Var.* *FY*
* 2023* *FY*
* 2022* *Var.*
Shipments (k metric tons)         238         254         (6)%         1,030         1,089         (5)%
Revenue (€ millions)         865         1,008         (14)%         3,898         4,664         (16)%
Adjusted EBITDA (€ millions)         82         71         16%         283         326         (13)%
Adjusted EBITDA per metric ton (€)         345         278         24%         274         299         (8)%

For the fourth quarter of 2023, Adjusted EBITDA of €82 million increased 16% compared to the fourth quarter of 2022 primarily due to improved price and mix and improved overall costs, partially offset by lower shipments. Higher operating costs were more than offset by favorable metal costs, favorable inflation and energy-related government grants. Shipments of 238 thousand metric tons decreased 6% compared to the fourth quarter of the prior year due to lower shipments of packaging and specialty rolled products, partially offset by higher shipments of automotive rolled products. Revenue of €865 million decreased 14% compared to the fourth quarter of 2022 primarily due to lower shipments and lower metal prices.

For the full year of 2023, Adjusted EBITDA of €283 million decreased 13% compared to the full year of 2022 as a result of lower shipments and higher operating costs mainly due to inflation, operating challenges at our Muscle Shoals facility and unfavorable metal costs, partially offset by improved price and mix. Shipments of 1.0 million metric tons decreased 5% compared to the full year of 2022 due to lower shipments of packaging and specialty rolled products, partially offset by higher shipments of automotive rolled products. Revenue of €3.9 billion decreased 16% compared to the full year of 2022 primarily due to lower shipments and lower metal prices, partially offset by improved price and mix.

*Aerospace & Transportation (A&T)*
*Q4 *
*2023* *Q4*
*2022* *Var.* *FY*
* 2023* *FY*
* 2022* *Var.*
Shipments (k metric tons)         48         53         (9)%         219         223         (2)%
Revenue (€ millions)         408         422         (3)%         1,728         1,700         2%
Adjusted EBITDA (€ millions)         76         56         36 %         324         217         50%
Adjusted EBITDA per metric ton (€)         1,583         1,079         47 %         1,475         976         51%

For the fourth quarter of 2023, Adjusted EBITDA of €76 million increased 36% compared to the fourth quarter of 2022 primarily due to improved price and mix, partially offset by lower shipments and higher operating costs. Shipments of 48 thousand metric tons decreased 9% compared to the fourth quarter of 2022 on higher shipments of aerospace rolled products, more than offset by lower shipments of transportation, industry and defense (TID) rolled products. Revenue of €408 million decreased 3% compared to the fourth quarter of 2022 primarily due to lower shipments and lower metal prices, partially offset by improved price and mix.

For the full year of 2023, Adjusted EBITDA of €324 million increased 50% compared to the full year of 2022 primarily due to improved price and mix, partially offset by higher operating costs mainly due to inflation and increased activity levels. Shipments of 219 thousand metric tons decreased 2% compared to the full year of 2022 on higher shipments of aerospace rolled products, more than offset by lower shipments of TID rolled products. Revenue of €1.7 billion increased 2% compared to the full year of 2022 primarily due to improved price and mix, partially offset by lower metal prices.

*Automotive Structures & Industry (AS&I)*
*Q4 *
*2023* *Q4*
*2022* *Var.* *FY*
* 2023* *FY*
* 2022* *Var.*
Shipments (k metric tons)         50         61         (17)%         243         268         (9)%
Revenue (€ millions)         334         428         (22)%         1,630         1,861         (12)%
Adjusted EBITDA (€ millions)         25         31         (22)%         133         149         (11)%
Adjusted EBITDA per metric ton (€)         500         514         (3)%         545         557         (2)%

For the fourth quarter of 2023, Adjusted EBITDA of €25 million decreased 22% compared to the fourth quarter of 2022 primarily due to lower shipments and higher costs, partially offset by improved price and mix. Shipments of 50 thousand metric tons decreased 17% compared to the fourth quarter of 2022 on stable shipments of automotive extruded products and lower shipments of other extruded products including the impact from the sale of CED in September 2023. Revenue of €334 million decreased 22% compared to the fourth quarter of 2022 primarily due to lower shipments and lower metal prices, partially offset by improved price and mix.

For the full year of 2023, Adjusted EBITDA of €133 million decreased 11% compared to the full year of 2022 primarily due to lower shipments and higher operating costs mainly due to inflation, partially offset by improved price and mix. Shipments of 243 thousand metric tons decreased 9% compared to the full year of 2022 due to lower shipments of other extruded products including the impact from the sale of CED in September 2023, partially offset by higher shipments of automotive extruded products. Revenue of €1.6 billion decreased 12% compared to the full year of 2022 primarily due to lower shipments and lower metal prices, partially offset by improved price and mix.

*Net Income*

For the fourth quarter of 2023, net income of €11 million compares to net income of €30 million in the fourth quarter of the prior year. The decrease in net income is primarily related to gains on OPEB and pension plan amendments recorded in 2022 and higher tax expense, partially offset by higher gross profit.

For the full year of 2023, net income of €129 million compares to net income of €308 million in the prior year. The decrease in net income is primarily related to the recognition in the prior year of previously unrecognized deferred tax assets of €154 million, gains on OPEB and pension plan amendments recorded in 2022, higher selling and administrative expenses and higher tax expense, partially offset by higher gross profit and a gain related to the sale of CED in September 2023.

*Cash Flow*

Free Cash Flow was €170 million in the full year of 2023 compared to €182 million in the prior year, reflecting a €55 million increase in cash flows from operating activities which was more than offset by increased capital expenditures as we continue to invest in maintaining and growing our manufacturing asset base including our recycling and casting investment in Neuf Brisach, France.

Cash flows from operating activities were €506 million for the full year of 2023 compared to cash flows from operating activities of €451 million in the prior year.

Cash flows used in investing activities were €288 million for the full year of 2023 compared to cash flows used in investing activities of €270 million in the prior year. In 2023, cash flows used in investing activities included €47 million of net proceeds from the sale of CED in September 2023.

Cash flows used in financing activities were €182 million for the full year of 2023 compared to cash flows used in financing activities of €163 million in the prior year. In 2023, Constellium used cash on the balance sheet to reduce short-term borrowings and to redeem $50 million of the $300 million outstanding aggregate principal amount of its 5.875% Senior Notes due 2026. In 2022, Constellium drew on the Pan-U.S. ABL due 2026 and used the proceeds and cash on the balance sheet to repay the €180 million PGE French Facility due 2022 and the CHF 15 million Swiss Facility due 2025.

*Liquidity and Net Debt*

Liquidity at December 31, 2023 was €737 million, comprised of €202 million of cash and cash equivalents and €535 million available under our committed lending facilities and factoring arrangements.

Net debt was €1,664 million at December 31, 2023 compared to €1,891 million at December 31, 2022.

*Outlook*

Based on our current outlook, we expect Adjusted EBITDA, which excludes the non-cash impact of metal price lag, to be in the range of €740 million to €770 million and Free Cash Flow in excess of €130 million in 2024.

We are not able to provide a reconciliation of this Adjusted EBITDA guidance to net income, the comparable GAAP measure, because certain items that are excluded from Adjusted EBITDA cannot be reasonably predicted or are not in our control. In particular, we are unable to forecast the timing or magnitude of realized and unrealized gains and losses on derivative instruments, metal price lag, impairment or restructuring charges, or taxes, without unreasonable efforts, and these items could significantly impact, either individually or in the aggregate, future net income.

*Recent Developments*

*Share Repurchase Program*

Constellium today announces that the Board of Directors has authorized a three-year share repurchase program of up to $300 million of the Company's outstanding shares of common stock, expiring on December 31, 2026.

Under this program, the Company may purchase shares from time to time for cash in open market transactions or in privately-negotiated transactions, in accordance with applicable state and federal securities laws and in compliance with applicable provisions of French corporate law, and it may make all or part of the purchases pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 plans. The timing and the amount of repurchases, if any, will be determined based on the Company's evaluation of market conditions, capital allocation alternatives and other factors. The share repurchase program does not require the Company to acquire any dollar amount or number of shares of CSTM common stock and may be modified, suspended, extended or terminated by the Company's Board of Directors at any time without prior notice.

The Company intends to use a portion of the repurchased shares under this new program to satisfy employee equity obligations in lieu of issuing new shares, which would limit future dilution for its shareholders.

*Changes to the Presentation of Certain Non-GAAP Financial Measures*

Constellium today announces future changes to the presentation of certain Non-GAAP financial measures. Such announcement is being made to provide investors and other stakeholders with an opportunity to become familiar with the expected impact of these changes to the Company's presentation of financial results in advance of the Company's earnings release for the first quarter 2024, where the changes will be implemented. These changes are based on discussions with the staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) during a comment letter review process which began in late 2023.

Following the SEC review process, the Company has determined that it will no longer report VAR, a Non-GAAP financial measure.

Based on discussions with the SEC, the Company has also decided to revise its definition of Adjusted EBITDA, a Non-GAAP financial measure, to no longer exclude the non-cash impact of metal price lag from its Adjusted EBITDA. Constellium will continue to exclude the non-cash impact of metal price lag from its Segment Adjusted EBITDA, which it uses for evaluating the performance of its operating segments. As a reminder, consolidated Adjusted EBITDA following the revision of its definition, less the non-cash impact of metal price lag, is equal to consolidated Adjusted EBITDA prior to the revision of its definition. Constellium will continue to provide its investors and other stakeholders with the necessary information to explain the non-cash impact of metal price lag on its reported results. The Company will continue to provide Adjusted EBITDA guidance excluding the non-cash impact of metal price lag, and leverage will continue to be calculated as Net debt divided by Adjusted EBITDA, excluding metal price lag. For comparability, please refer to the table below to see a reconciliation of prior periods’ Adjusted EBITDA under the old definition to the new definition, including the metal price lag adjustment in each period.
  *For the years ended December 31, *
(in millions of Euros)   *2023*     *2022*     *2021*     *2020*     *2019*                      
*Net income *           *129*             *308*             *262*             *(17* *)*           *64*  
Income tax expense / (benefit)           67             (105 )           55             (17 )           18  
*Income before tax *           *196*             *203*             *317*             *(34* *)*           *82*  
Finance costs - net           141             131             167             159             175  
Share of income of joint-ventures           —             —             —             —             (2 )
*Income from operations *           *337*             *334*             *484*             *125*             *255*  
Depreciation and amortization           294             287             267             259             256  
Impairment of assets           —             —             —             43             —  
Restructuring costs           —             1             3             13             4  
Unrealized (gains) / losses on derivatives           3             46             (35 )           (16 )           (33 )
Unrealized exchange losses / (gains) from the remeasurement of monetary assets and liabilities – net           2             1             (1 )           (1 )           —  
Losses / (gains) on pension plan amendments           —             (47 )           32             2             (1 )
Share based compensation costs           20             18             15             15             16  
Start-up and development costs           —             —             —             5             11  
(Gains) / losses on disposal           (29 )           4             3             4             3  
Bowling Green one-time cost related to the acquisition           —             —             —             —             5  
Other           —             —             —             8             —  
Metal price lag           86             29             (187 )           8             46  
*Adjusted EBITDA (current)*           *713*             *673*             *581*             *465*             *562*  
less: Metal price lag           (86 )           (29 )           187             (8 )           (46 )
*Adjusted EBITDA (future)*           *627*             *644*             *768*             *457*             *516*  
  *For the three months ended*
(in millions of Euros)   *December 31,
2023*   *September 30,
2023*   *June 30, *
*2023*   *March 31, *
*2023*                    
*Net income *           *11*             *64*             *32*             *22*    
Income tax expense / (benefit)           32             18             12             5    
*Income before tax *           *43*             *82*             *44*             *27*    
Finance costs - net           35             36             35             35    
*Income from operations *           *78*             *118*             *79*             *62*    
Depreciation and amortization           73             77             72             72    
Unrealized (gains) / losses on derivatives           (2 )           (23 )           20             8    
Unrealized exchange losses / (gains) from the remeasurement of monetary assets and liabilities – net           2             —             1             (1 )  
Share based compensation costs           5             5             7             3    
Losses / (gains) on disposal           1             (36 )           —             6    
Metal price lag           14             27             30             16    
*Adjusted EBITDA (current)*           *171*             *168*             *209*             *166*    
less: Metal price lag           (14 )           (27 )           (30 )           (16 )  
*Adjusted EBITDA (future)*           *157*             *141*             *179*             *150*    

*
*

*Forward-looking statements*

Certain statements contained in this press release may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. This press release may contain “forward-looking statements” with respect to our business, results of operations and financial condition, and our expectations or beliefs concerning future events and conditions. You can identify forward-looking statements because they contain words such as, but not limited to, “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “should,” “approximately,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “intends,” “plans,” “targets,” likely,” “will,” “would,” “could” and similar expressions (or the negative of these terminologies or expressions). All forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties. Many risks and uncertainties are inherent in our industry and markets, while others are more specific to our business and operations. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: market competition; economic downturn; disruption to business operations; the Russian war on Ukraine and other geopolitical tensions; the inability to meet customer demand and quality requirements; the loss of key customers, suppliers or other business relationships; supply disruptions; excessive inflation; the capacity and effectiveness of our hedging policy activities; the loss of key employees; levels of indebtedness which could limit our operating flexibility and opportunities; and other risk factors set forth under the heading “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 20-F, and as described from time to time in subsequent reports filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. The occurrence of the events described and the achievement of the expected results depend on many events, some or all of which are not predictable or within our control. Consequently, actual results may differ materially from the forward-looking statements contained in this press release. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

*About Constellium*

Constellium (NYSE: CSTM) is a global sector leader that develops innovative, value-added aluminium products for a broad scope of markets and applications, including packaging, automotive and aerospace. Constellium generated €7.2 billion of revenue in 2023.

Constellium’s earnings materials for the fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2023 are also available on the company’s website (www.constellium.com).

*CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT (UNAUDITED)*
  *Three months ended
December 31,*   *Year ended December 31,*
(in millions of Euros)   *2023*     *2022*     *2023*     *2022*                  
Revenue           1,613             1,844             7,239             8,120  
Cost of sales           (1,435 )           (1,737 )           (6,529 )           (7,448 )
*Gross profit*           *178*             *107*             *710*             *672*  
Selling and administrative expenses           (81 )           (76 )           (302 )           (282 )
Research and development expenses           (15 )           (16 )           (52 )           (48 )
Other gains and losses - net           (4 )           45             (19 )           (8 )
*Income from operations*           *78*             *60*             *337*             *334*  
Finance costs - net           (35 )           (33 )           (141 )           (131 )
*Income before tax*           *43*             *27*             *196*             *203*  
Income tax (expense) / benefit           (32 )           3             (67 )           105  
*Net income*           *11*             *30*             *129*             *308*  
*Net income attributable to:*                
Equity holders of Constellium           10             28             125             301  
Non-controlling interests           1             2             4             7  
*Net income*           *11*             *30*             *129*             *308*  
               
Earnings per share attributable to the equity holders of Constellium, (in Euros)                
Basic           0.07   0.20           0.85   2.10
Diluted           0.07   0.20           0.84   2.06                
Weighted average number of shares,
(in thousands)                
Basic           146,820           144,302           146,130           143,626
Diluted           149,236           146,606           149,236           146,606

*
*

*CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME / (LOSS) (UNAUDITED)*
  *Three months ended
December 31,*   *Year ended December 31,*
(in millions of Euros)   *2023*     *2022*     *2023*     *2022*                  
*Net income*           *11*             *30*             *129*     *308*  
*Other comprehensive (loss) / income*                
Items that will not be reclassified subsequently to the consolidated income statement                
Remeasurement on post-employment benefit obligations           (46 )           (24 )           (16 )   157  
Income tax on remeasurement on post-employment benefit obligations           10             4             2     (35 )
Items that may be reclassified subsequently to the consolidated income statement                
Cash flow hedges           9             19             7     (8 )
Income tax on cash flow hedges           (2 )           (5 )           (1 )   2  
Currency translation differences           (33 )           (68 )           (26 )   21  
*Other comprehensive (loss) / income*           *(62* *)*           *(74* *)*           *(34* *)*   *137*  
*Total comprehensive (loss) / income*           *(51* *)*           *(44* *)*           *95*     *445*  
*Attributable to:*                
Equity holders of Constellium           (51 )           (44 )           92     439  
Non-controlling interests           —             —             3     6  
*Total comprehensive (loss) / income*           *(51* *)*           *(44* *)*           *95*     *445*  

*
*

*CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION (UNAUDITED)*

(in millions of Euros)   *At December 31, 2023*   *At December 31, 2022*        
*Assets*        
*Current assets*        
Cash and cash equivalents           202           166
Trade receivables and other           490           539
Inventories           1,098           1,320
Other financial assets           30           31           *1,820*           *2,056*
*Non-current assets*        
Property, plant and equipment           2,047           2,017
Goodwill           462           478
Intangible assets           47           54
Deferred tax assets           252           271
Trade receivables and other           31           43
Other financial assets           2           8           *2,841*           *2,871*
Assets of disposal group classified as held for sale           —           14
*Total Assets*           *4,661*           *4,941*        
*Liabilities*        
*Current liabilities*        
Trade payables and other           1,263           1,467
Borrowings           54           148
Other financial liabilities           34           41
Income tax payable           19           16
Provisions           18           21           *1,388*           *1,693*
*Non-current liabilities*        
Trade payables and other           59           43
Borrowings           1,814           1,908
Other financial liabilities           8           14
Pension and other post-employment benefit obligations           411           403
Provisions           89           90
Deferred tax liabilities           28           28           *2,409*           *2,486*
Liabilities of disposal group classified as held for sale           —           10
*Total Liabilities*           *3,797*           *4,189*        
*Equity*        
Share capital           3           3
Share premium           420           420
Retained earnings and other reserves           420           308
*Equity attributable to equity holders of Constellium*           *843*           *731*
Non-controlling interests           21           21
*Total Equity*           *864*           *752*        
*Total Equity and Liabilities*           *4,661*           *4,941*

*
*

*CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY (UNAUDITED)*

(in millions of Euros)   *Share capital*   *Share premium*   *Re-*
*measurement*   *Cash flow hedges*   *Foreign currency translation reserve*   *Other reserves*   *Retained earnings*   *Total *   *Non-controlling interests*   *Total equity*
*At January 1, 2023*           *3*           *420*           *28*             *(10* *)*           *41*             *101*           *148*             *731*             *21*             *752*  
Net income           —           —           —             —             —             —           125             *125*             4             *129*  
Other comprehensive (loss) / income           —           —           (14 )           6             (25 )           —           —             *(33* *)*           (1 )           *(34* *)*
*Total comprehensive (loss) / income*           *—*           *—*           *(14* *)*           *6*             *(25* *)*           *—*           *125*             *92*             *3*             *95*  
Share-based compensation           —           —           —             —             —             20           —             *20*             —             *20*  
Other           —           —           (1 )           —             —             —           1             *—*             —             *—*  
Transactions with non-controlling interests           —           —           —             —             —             —           —             *—*             (3 )           *(3* *)*
*At December 31, 2023*           *3*           *420*           *13*             *(4* *)*           *16*             *121*           *274*             *843*             *21*             *864*                                          
(in millions of Euros)   *Share capital*   *Share premium*   *Re-*
*measurement*   *Cash
flow hedges*   *Foreign currency translation reserve*   *Other reserves*   *Retained (deficit) / earnings*   *Total*   *Non-controlling interests*   *Total equity*
*At January 1, 2022*           *3*           *420*           *(94* *)*           *(4* *)*           *19*             *83*           *(153* *)*           *274*             *17*             *291*  
Net income           —           —           —             —             —             —           301             *301*             7             *308*  
Other comprehensive income / (loss)           —           —           122             (6 )           22             —           —             *138*             (1 )           *137*  
*Total comprehensive income / (loss)*           *—*           *—*           *122*             *(6* *)*           *22*             *—*           *301*             *439*             *6*             *445*  
Share-based compensation           —           —           —             —             —             18           —             *18*             —             *18*  
Transactions with non-controlling interests           —           —           —             —             —             —           —             *—*             (2 )           *(2* *)*
*At December 31, 2022*           *3*           *420*           *28*             *(10* *)*           *41*             *101*           *148*             *731*             *21*             *752*  

*
*

*CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)*
  *Three months ended
December 31,*   *Year ended December 31,*
(in millions of Euros)   *2023*     *2022*     *2023*     *2022*                  
Net income           11             30             129             308  
Adjustments                
Depreciation and amortization           73             78             294             287  
Pension and other post-employment benefits service costs           7             (40 )           23             (22 )
Finance costs - net           35             33             141             131  
Income tax expense / (benefit)           32             (3 )           67             (105 )
Unrealized losses / (gains) on derivatives - net and from remeasurement of monetary assets and liabilities - net           —             (20 )           5             47  
Losses / (gains) on disposal           1             2             (29 )           4  
Other - net           5             5             20             17  
Change in working capital                
Inventories           19             (3 )           194             (241 )
Trade receivables           146             247             55             155  
Trade payables           (67 )           (165 )           (190 )           41  
Other           (25 )           10             (5 )           13  
Change in provisions           (2 )           (3 )           (5 )           (10 )
Pension and other post-employment benefits paid           (9 )           (11 )           (39 )           (44 )
Interest paid           (27 )           (28 )           (123 )           (113 )
Income tax paid           (14 )           (4 )           (31 )           (17 )
*Net cash flows from operating activities*           *185*             *128*             *506*             *451*                  
Purchases of property, plant and equipment           (127 )           (109 )           (337 )           (273 )
Property, plant and equipment grants received           —             3             1             4  
Proceeds from disposals, net of cash           —             —             48             —  
Other investing activities           —             (1 )           —             (1 )
*Net cash flows used in investing activities*           *(127* *)*           *(107* *)*           *(288* *)*           *(270* *)*                
Repayments of long-term borrowings           (2 )           (4 )           (53 )           (192 )
Net change in revolving credit facilities and short-term borrowings           —             5             (83 )           72  
Lease repayments           (8 )           (10 )           (37 )           (37 )
Payment of financing costs and redemption fees           —             —             —             (1 )
Transactions with non-controlling interests           —             —             (3 )           (2 )
Other financing activities           (5 )           (13 )           (6 )           (3 )
*Net cash flows used in financing activities*           *(15* *)*           *(22* *)*           *(182* *)*           *(163* *)*                
*Net increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalent*           *43*             *(1* *)*           *36*             *18*  
Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period           159             171             166             147  
Transfer of cash and cash equivalents from / (to) assets classified as held for sale           —             (1 )           1             (1 )
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents           —             (3 )           (1 )           2  
*Cash and cash equivalents - end of year*           *202*             *166*             *202*             *166*  

*
*

*SEGMENT ADJUSTED EBITDA*
  *Three months ended
December 31,*   *Year ended December 31,*
(in millions of Euros)   *2023*     *2022*     *2023*     *2022*  
P&ARP           82             71             283             326  
A&T           76             56             324             217  
AS&I           25             31             133             149  
Holdings and Corporate           (12 )           (10 )           (27 )           (19 )
*Total*           *171*             *148*             *713*             *673*  

*
*

*SHIPMENTS AND REVENUE BY PRODUCT LINE*
  *Three months ended
December 31,*   *Year ended December 31,*
(in k metric tons)   *2023*   *2022*     *2023*     *2022*  
Packaging rolled products           172           186             736             809  
Automotive rolled products           62           61             271             245  
Specialty and other thin-rolled products           4           7             23             35  
Aerospace rolled products           22           21             96             76  
Transportation, industry, defense and other rolled products           26           32             123             147  
Automotive extruded products           28           28             121             117  
Other extruded products           22           33             122             151  
*Total shipments*           *336*           *368*             *1,492*             *1,580*                  
(in millions of Euros)                
Packaging rolled products           582           697             2,596             3,326  
Automotive rolled products           254           275             1,156             1,154  
Specialty and other thin-rolled products           29           35             146             183  
Aerospace rolled products           264           218             1,022             728  
Transportation, industry, defense and other rolled products           144           204             706             972  
Automotive extruded products           211           228             934             949  
Other extruded products           123           200             696             912  
Other and inter-segment eliminations           6           (13 )           (17 )           (104 )
*Total revenue*           *1,613*           *1,844*             *7,239*             *8,120*  

*
*

*NON-GAAP MEASURES *

*Reconciliation of Revenue to VAR (a non-GAAP measure) *
  *Three months ended
December 31,*   *Year ended December 31,*
(in millions of Euros)   *2023*     *2022*     *2023*     *2022*  
Revenue           1,613             1,844             7,239             8,120  
Hedged cost of alloyed metal           (939 )           (1,212 )           (4,374 )           (5,403 )
Revenue from incidental activities           (7 )           (5 )           (27 )           (21 )
Metal price lag           14             69             86             29  
*VAR*           *681*             *696*             *2,924*             *2,725*  

*
*

*Reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA (a non-GAAP measure)*
  *Three months ended December 31,*   *Year ended December 31,*
(in millions of Euros)   *2023*     *2022*     *2023*     *2022*  
*Net income *           *11*             *30*             *129*             *308*  
Income tax expense / (benefit)           32             (3 )           67             (105 )
*Income before tax *           *43*             *27*             *196*             *203*  
Finance costs - net           35             33             141             131  
*Income from operations *           *78*             *60*             *337*             *334*  
Depreciation and amortization           73             78             294             287  
Restructuring costs           —             1             —             1  
Unrealized (gains) / losses on derivatives           (2 )           (19 )           3             46  
Unrealized exchange losses / (gains) from the remeasurement of monetary assets and liabilities – net           2             (1 )           2             1  
Losses / (gains) on pension plan amendments (A)           —             (47 )           —             (47 )
Share based compensation costs           5             5             20             18  
(Gains) / losses on disposal           1             2             (29 )           4  
Metal price lag (B)           14             69             86             29  
*Adjusted EBITDA *           *171*             *148*             *713*             *673*  

(A)     In the year ended December 31, 2022 the Group recognized a net gain of €47 million from past service cost as a result from a new 3-year collective bargaining agreement between Constellium Rolled Products Ravenswood and the United Steelworkers Local Union 5668 entered in October 2022. The agreement resulted in changes in OPEB and pension benefits that were accounted for as a plan amendment in the year ended December 31, 2022.

(B)     Metal price lag represents the financial impact of the timing difference between when aluminium prices included within Constellium's Revenue are established and when aluminium purchase prices included in Cost of sales are established. The Group accounts for inventory using a weighted average price basis and this adjustment aims to remove the effect of volatility in LME prices. The calculation of the Group metal price lag adjustment is based on a standardized methodology calculated at each of Constellium’s manufacturing sites and is primarily calculated as the average value of product recorded in inventory, which approximates the spot price in the market, less the average value transferred out of inventory, which is the weighted average of the metal element of cost of sales, based on the quantity sold in the period.*Reconciliation of net cash flows from operating activities to Free Cash Flow (a non-GAAP measure) *
  *Three months ended
December 31,*   *Year ended December 31,*
(in millions of Euros)   *2023*     *2022*     *2023*     *2022*  
*Net cash flows from operating activities*           *185*             *128*             *506*             *451*  
Purchases of property, plant and equipment,
net of grants received           (127 )           (106 )           (336 )           (269 )
*Free Cash Flow*           *58*             *22*             *170*             *182*  

*
*

*Reconciliation of borrowings to Net debt (a non-GAAP measure) *

(in millions of Euros)   *At December 31, 2023*   *At December 31, 2022*
Borrowings           1,868             2,056  
Fair value of net debt derivatives, net of margin calls           (2 )           1  
Cash and cash equivalents           (202 )           (166 )
*Net debt*           *1,664*             *1,891*  

*
*

*Reconciliation of Net income to Adjusted NOPAT and Adjusted ROIC (non-GAAP measures)*
  *Year ended December 31,*
(in millions of Euros)   *2023*     *2022*  
*Net income*           *129*             *308*  
Income tax expense / (benefit)           67             (105 )
*Income before tax*           *196*             *203*  
Finance costs - net           141             131  
*Income from operations*           *337*             *334*  
Unrealized losses on derivatives           3             46  
Unrealized exchange losses from the remeasurement of monetary assets and liabilities - net           2             1  
Losses / (gains) on pension plan amendments           —             (47 )
Share based compensation costs           20             18  
Metal price lag           86             29  
(Gains) / losses on disposals           (29 )           4  
Tax impact(1)           (103 )           (92 )
*Adjusted NOPAT (A)*           *316*             *293*  

(in millions of Euros)   *At December 31,*
*2022*   *At December 31,*
*2021*
Intangible assets​           54             58  
PP&E, net​           2,017             1,948  
Trade receivables and other - current​           539             683  
Derecognized trade receivables(2)​           368             345  
Inventories​           1,320             1,050  
Trade payables and other - current​           (1,467 )           (1,377 )
Provisions current portion​           (21 )           (20 )
Income tax payable​           (16 )           (34 )
*Total Invested Capital (B)​*           *2,794*             *2,653*  
​   ​   ​
​   *2023*     *2022*  
Adjusted NOPAT for fiscal year (A)​           316             293  
Total invested capital as of December 31 of prior year (B)​           2,794             2,653  
*Adjusted ROIC (A)/(B)​*           *11.3* *%*           *11.0* *%*

(1) Tax impact on net operating profit computed using the Group's average statutory tax rate
(2) Trade receivables derecognized under our factoring agreements*Non-GAAP measures*

In addition to the results reported in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”), this press release includes information regarding certain financial measures which are not prepared in accordance with IFRS (“non-GAAP measures”). The non-GAAP measures used in this press release are: VAR, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA per metric ton, Free Cash Flow, Adjusted NOPAT, Invested Capital, Adjusted ROIC and Net debt. Reconciliations to the most directly comparable IFRS financial measures are presented in the schedules to this press release. We believe these non-GAAP measures are important supplemental measures of our operating and financial performance. By providing these measures, together with the reconciliations, we believe we are enhancing investors’ understanding of our business, our results of operations and our financial position, as well as assisting investors in evaluating the extent to which we are executing our strategic initiatives. However, these non-GAAP financial measures supplement our IFRS disclosures and should not be considered an alternative to the IFRS measures and may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

Value-Added Revenue ("VAR") is defined as revenue, excluding revenue from incidental activities, minus cost of metal which includes, cost of aluminium adjusted for metal price lag, cost of other alloying metals, freight out costs, and realized gains and losses from hedging. Management believes that VAR is a useful measure of our activity as it eliminates the impact of metal costs from our revenue and reflects the value-added elements of our activity. VAR eliminates the impact of metal price fluctuations which are not under our control and which we generally pass through to our customers and facilitates comparisons from period to period. VAR is not a presentation made in accordance with IFRS and should not be considered as an alternative to revenue determined in accordance with IFRS. 

In considering the financial performance of the business, management and our chief operational decision maker, as defined by IFRS, analyze the primary financial performance measure of Adjusted EBITDA in all of our business segments. The most directly comparable IFRS measure to Adjusted EBITDA is our net income or loss for the period. We believe Adjusted EBITDA, as defined below, is useful to investors and is used by our management for measuring profitability because it excludes the impact of certain non-cash charges, such as depreciation, amortization, impairment and unrealized gains and losses on derivatives as well as items that do not impact the day-to-day operations and that management in many cases does not directly control or influence. Therefore, such adjustments eliminate items which have less bearing on our core operating performance.

Adjusted EBITDA measures are frequently used by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties in their evaluation of Constellium and in comparison to other companies, many of which present an Adjusted EBITDA-related performance measure when reporting their results.

Adjusted EBITDA is defined as income / (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes, results from joint ventures, net finance costs, other expenses and depreciation and amortization as adjusted to exclude restructuring costs, impairment charges, unrealized gains or losses on derivatives and on foreign exchange differences on transactions which do not qualify for hedge accounting, metal price lag, share based compensation expense, effects of certain purchase accounting adjustments, start-up and development costs or acquisition, integration and separation costs, certain incremental costs and other exceptional, unusual or generally non-recurring items.

Adjusted EBITDA is the measure of performance used by management in evaluating our operating performance, in preparing internal forecasts and budgets necessary for managing our business and, specifically in relation to the exclusion of the effect of favorable or unfavorable metal price lag, this measure allows management and the investor to assess operating results and trends without the impact of our accounting for inventories. We use the weighted average cost method in accordance with IFRS which leads to the purchase price paid for metal impacting our cost of goods sold and therefore profitability in the period subsequent to when the related sales price impacts our revenues. Management believes this measure also provides additional information used by our lending facilities providers with respect to the ongoing performance of our underlying business activities. Historically, we have used Adjusted EBITDA in calculating our compliance with financial covenants under certain of our loan facilities.

Adjusted EBITDA is not a presentation made in accordance with IFRS, is not a measure of financial condition, liquidity or profitability and should not be considered as an alternative to profit or loss for the period, revenues or operating cash flows determined in accordance with IFRS.

Free Cash Flow is defined as net cash flow from operating activities less capital expenditure, net of grants received. Management believes that Free Cash Flow is a useful measure of the net cash flow generated or used by the business as it takes into account both the cash generated or consumed by operating activities, including working capital, and the capital expenditure requirements of the business. However, Free Cash Flow is not a presentation made in accordance with IFRS and should not be considered as an alternative to operating cash flows determined in accordance with IFRS. Free Cash Flow has certain inherent limitations, including the fact that it does not represent residual cash flows available for discretionary spending, notably because it does not reflect principal repayments required in connection with our debt or capital lease obligations.

Adjusted Return on Invested Capital (“Adjusted ROIC”) is defined as Adjusted Net Operating Profit after Tax (“Adjusted NOPAT”), a non-GAAP measure, divided by Invested Capital, a non-GAAP measure. The calculation of Adjusted ROIC together with a reconciliation of Adjusted NOPAT to Net Income, the most comparable IFRS measure, are presented in the schedules to this press release. Management believes Adjusted ROIC is useful in assessing the effectiveness of our capital allocation over time. Adjusted ROIC is not calculated based on measures prepared in accordance with IFRS and should not be considered as an alternative to similar metrics calculated based on measures prepared in accordance with IFRS.

Net debt is defined as borrowings plus or minus the fair value of cross currency basis swaps net of margin calls less cash and cash equivalents and cash pledged for the issuance of guarantees. Management believe

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