Marshall Clement "Mark" Sanford, Jr. is an American politician and member of the Republican Party.
He currently serves as the U.S.
Representative for South Carolina's 1st congressional district after winning a special election on May 7, 2013.
He previously represented the same district from 1995 to 2001, before being elected Governor of South Carolina, a position he held from 2003 to 2011.
First elected to Congress in 1994, Sanford pledged to serve no more than three terms and did not seek re-election in 2000.
He left office in 2001 and was elected as the 115th Governor of South Carolina in 2002, defeating Democratic incumbent Jim Hodges, and was re-elected in 2006.
As Governor, Sanford had a contentious relationship with the South Carolina legislature: notably, he made public statements that he would reject stimulus funds for his state from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.
Following a subsequent battle in the South Carolina Supreme Court, he was forced to accept the funds.