SHOWS: BIRMINGHAM, ENGLAND, UK (JULY 9, 2011) (ACTION IMAGES - ACCESS ALL) (MUTE 1.
STILL - ATHLETICS COACH ALBERTO SALAZAR AT PRESS CONFERENCE INTERNET (SEPTEMBER 30, 2019) (NIKEOREGONPROJECT.COM - ACCESS ALL) (MUTE) 2.
STATEMENT ISSUED BY THE NIKE OREGON PROJECT, WITH SALAZAR STATING THAT HE IS SHOCKED BY THE OUTCOME, ADDING THAT HIS TREATMENT FROM USADA HAS BEEN "UNJUST, UNETHICAL AND HIGHLY DAMAGING" BIRMINGHAM, ENGLAND, UK (JULY 9, 2011) (ACTION IMAGES - ACCESS ALL) (MUTE) 3.
STILL - ATHLETICS COACH ALBERTO SALAZAR AT PRESS CONFERENCE 4.
STILL - ATHLETICS COACH ALBERTO SALAZAR AT PRESS CONFERENCE WITH ATHLETE MO FARAH BEIJING, CHINA (FILE - AUGUST 21, 2015) (REUTERS PICTURES - ACCESS ALL) (MUTE) 5.
STILL - ATHLETE GALEN RUPP STANDING BEHIND SALAZAR AT BIRD'S NEST STADIUM DURING 2015 WORLD ATHLETICS CHAMPIONSHIPS 6.
STILL - ATHLETE MO FARAH RUNNING PAST SALAZAR AT BIRD'S NEST STADIUM DURING 2015 WORLD ATHLETICS CHAMPIONSHIPS 7.
STILL - MO FARAH (WHITE SHIRT, BLUE SHORTS) AND GALEN RUPP (RED SHIRT) STANDING NEAR SALAZAR AT BIRD'S NEST STADIUM DURING 2015 WORLD ATHLETICS CHAMPIONSHIPS RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL (FILE - AUGUST 21, 2016) (POOL - ACCESS ALL) 8.
VARIOUS OF MO FARAH OF BRITAIN WITH HIS TWO RIO 2016 OLYMPIC GOLD MEDALS FOR THE 5,000 METRES AND THE 10,000 METRES BIRMINGHAM, ENGLAND, UK (MARCH 2, 2018) (REUTERS PICTURES - ACCESS ALL) (MUTE) 9.
ALBERTO SALAZAR (LEFT) AT THE WORLD INDOOR CHAMPIONSHIPS STORY: The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency on Monday (September 30) said it had banned American Alberto Salazar, who has coached some of the world's top distance runners including British Olympian track champion Mo Farah, for four years for doping violations.
USADA said Salazar's punishment was for "orchestrating and facilitating prohibited doping conduct" as head coach of the
Class="kln">Nike Oregan Project (NOP), a camp designed primarily to develop U.S. endurance athletes.
Salazar, who also coached American Galen Rupp among other top distance runners, trafficked banned performance-enhancing substance testosterone to multiple athletes, USADA said in a statement.
Salazar also tampered or attempted to tamper with NOP athletes' doping control process, the agency said after concluding its four-year investigation.
Jeffrey Brown, who worked as a paid consultant endocrinologist for NOP on performance enhancement and served as a physician for numerous athletes in the training programme, also received a four-year ban.
Salazar, Nike and Brown could not be reached for comment.
Salazar has in the past denied any wrongdoing.
Several members of NOP are competing in the 2019 IAAF World Championships in Doha, Qatar.
None of the athletes Salazar has worked with were mentioned in Monday's report.
Salazar stopped coaching Farah in 2017 when the runner decided to move back to England.
Farah said at the time that the doping investigation was not the reason they parted ways.
"The athletes in these cases found the courage to speak out and ultimately exposed the truth," Travis Tygart, USADA chief executive officer, said in a statement.
"While acting in connection with the Nike Oregon Project, Mr. Salazar and Dr. Brown demonstrated that winning was more important than the health and wellbeing of the athletes they were sworn to protect." Salazar, 61, was a celebrated distance runner, winning three consecutive New York City marathons starting in 1980.
Nike funds NOP, the nation's most elite long-distance running training centre, in Portland, Oregon, under a $460 million 26-year sponsorship deal with US Track and Field.
(Production: Mike Brock)